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The Egyptian economy

Egypt's economic freedom score is 55.7, making its economy the 130th freest in the 2021 Index. Its overall score has increased by 1.7 points, with improvements in 9 of the 12 categories of economic.. The economy of Egypt is based on several industry endeavors. These include tourism, textile production, food processing, hydrocarbons, chemicals, pharmaceutical, construction, cement and metal production, and manufacturing. The textile industry, for example, contributes 25% of non-petroleum based income

Egypt Economic Outlook November 3, 2020 Economic activity appears to have improved somewhat in recent months, following a 1.7% year-on-year contraction in Q2 (Q1: +5.0% yoy). PMI data for September indicated the first overall increase in non-oil private sector activity in 14 months, driven by an uptick in consumer demand In Egypt, growth is forecast to decline from 3.6% in FY2019/20 to 2.3% in FY2020/21 in light of the ongoing effect of the pandemic, and the renewed surge in the COVID-19 cases, as well as the slow vaccine roll-out domestically and abroad Economic policy will focus initially on supporting sectors hit by the coronavirus pandemic, with fiscal consolidation slowed but not reversed as part of ongoing engagement with the IMF. Domestic demand and foreign inflows will be muted early in the 2021-25 forecast period, but economic growth will rise above 5% a year from 2022/23 various sources, including Egyptian Center for Economic Studies (ECES), the Ministry of Planning and Economic Development (MPED), various news sources, and expert opinions. We summarize here our assessment for the main sectors of the Egyptian economy and specify in Table 1 our assumptions on the size of the economic shock by sub- sector

The state of ancient Egyptian economy was a work of perfection that led to the rise of one of the greatest civilizations in the ancient world, it was built on utilizing all the natural elements of their environment on the concept of planned bureaucracy that monitored and controlled every single detail to absolute perfection Egypt's recent macroeconomic and structural reforms stabilized the economy and have allowed the country to enter the global COVID-19 crisis with improving fiscal and external accounts. However, the adverse repercussions of the pandemic have since undermined this recent progress, shedding light on longstanding challenges Egypt's Economy Isn't Booming. It's Collapsing. Abdel Fattah al-Sisi has sold his country as an investment destination with the IMF's help—but the living standards of ordinary Egyptians. With its human resources, its integrated tourism industry and its promising industrial base, Egypt could resuscitate its economy. This, however, depends on the government and the people cooperating to restore confidence in national economy. Egyptians should rise to the situation

Egypt Economy: Population, GDP, Inflation, Business, Trade

  1. Home/ Publications / Impact of COVID-19 on The Egyptian Economy The impacts of COVID-19 on Egypt's economic sectors, jobs, and households Published as a joint policy note between IFPRI and the Ministry of Planning and Economic Development, this report studies the impacts of COVID-19 on Egypt's economic sectors, jobs, and households using a SAM multiplier model
  2. The Egyptian economy is recognised as a remarkable story of success in economic and financial risk management, well represented by the launch of the National Structural Reform Programme (NSRP) in April 2021
  3. The Egyptian economy: All eyes on industrialisation. Egypt is building industrial complexes countrywide to serve small and medium-sized enterprises, encourage investment, and localise production
  4. The Egyptian economy relies heavily on the military-led public sector, which has proven unable to provide the long-term, quality growth necessary to pull millions out of poverty. To be fair, Egypt did implement reforms that had remained anathema to previous Egyptian governments
  5. Egypt's economy was highly centralized during the rule of former President Gamal Abdel NASSER but opened up considerably under former Presidents Anwar EL-SADAT and Mohamed Hosni MUBARAK. Agriculture, hydrocarbons, manufacturing, tourism, and other service sectors drove the country's relatively diverse economic activity
  6. Despite the IMF report indicating a state of ambiguity about the outlook for the global economy, the Egyptian economy's outlook remained optimistic, Maait said, as the IMF has raised its estimate..

The Economy Of Egypt - WorldAtla

Egypt Economy - GDP, Inflation, CPI and Interest Rat

  1. The Egypt Economic Development Conference was a three-day event that took place in the Egyptian Red Sea resort of Sharm El Sheikh. On March 13, 2015, over 2,000 delegates from 112 different countries arrived in Egypt to attend the conference. On the first day, a proposal for a new Egyptian capital city was announced. Kuwait, Saudi Arabia and United Arab Emirates pledged $4 billion each; whilst Oman said it would provide $500 million. BG Group and BP both made a commitment to invest $4 billion a
  2. Impacts on Egypt's agri-food system are less severe than elsewhere in the economy. Most damage will occur in nonfarm components of the agri-food system due to falling consumer demand. Although higher-income households face the largest income losses, lower-income households also will see their incomes decline significantly
  3. Egypt Economic News. Egypt: GDP growth accelerates in Q3 of FY 2021. August 4, 2021. The economy expanded 2.9% year-on-year in the third quarter of FY 2021 (January-March 2021), according to estimates released by the Ministry of Planning and Economic Development. Read more. Egypt: Inflation comes in at highest level since December 2020 in.

Recent macroeconomic and financial developments Egypt's economic growth has been strong and resilient since the economic reforms initiated in 2016. It is one of the few African countries expected to record a positive growth in 2020, at 3.6%, despite the adverse impact of the COVID-19 pandemic. The economy grew at a slower rate than in 2019 (5.6%) but did not enter a recession The Egyptian economy, which has suffered from decades of bloated public sector employment, looks to revitalize its push for privatization in various sectors. That is the brake on reform, said an anonymous government official in 2010, before the Arab Spring movement. His comments were about the overreliance on public sector employment The Egypt Economic Profile is an essential reference for decision-makers looking for timely information about Egypt's transforming economy. It is filled with key, up-to-date data on all of Egypt's major services and goods sectors as well as a review of the current macroeconomic landscape - including foreign trade, investment and the stock market

The chief economic minister in Ptolemaic Egypt was the dioiketes, who was appointed by the ruling monarch to set Egypt's economic policies.All of the offices dealing with finances, agriculture, and record-keeping were under his auspices.As a matter of practicality, ancient Egypt was divided into administrative provinces known as nomes.At the nome level, officials dealt with municipal and. This page has economic forecasts for Egypt including a long-term outlook for the next decades, plus medium-term expectations for the next four quarters and short-term market predictions for the next release affecting the Egypt economy Egypt has one of the most developed and diversified economies in the Middle East. Until 2010, Egyptian economy was growing an average 5 percent a quarter as a result of several economic reforms attracting foreign investments. During that time, the economy and the living standards for majority of population improved Owen, Roger. 1969. Cotton and the Egyptian Economy, 1820-1914: A Study in Trade and Development. Oxford: Clarendon Press, xxvi, 416

The ancient Egyptian economy The economy of pharaonic Egypt has been called an ancient command economy, but one should always remember that such modern definitions are not as apt as one would hope for.[2] Still, there was a specialized bureaucracy which monitored or controlled much of its activity, one of the hallmarks of planned economies Nile, UAE, Suez, Hamas, Gaza, the Sinai, Tahrir Square, Hosni Moubarak, Anwar Sadat, remittance

Egypt's Economic Update — April 202

Impact of COVID-19 on the Egyptian economy: Economic sectors, jobs, and households . The COVID-19 crisis may lead to a 1.1 percent decline in Egypt's GDP during the 4th quarter (April to June) of the 2019/20 fiscal year, compared to the same quarter in 2018/19 The Egyptian economy: Steering through the storm Al-Ahram Weekly 09:08. Learning from the incredible heritage of Pakistan The News International 02:22. In the News Now. The Taliban have seized Kabul, declaring Afghanistan an 'Islamic Emirate', after the president fled the country With the Egyptian Economy being the only economy in the Middle East Being able to achieve economic growth during Covid19, in this article, I will Highlight the Impact of Covid19, the decisions taken by the Egyptian Gov in response, and the Future Plans for a sustainable post Covid19 Growth. The resilience of the Egyptian Economy A survey carried out by R and published on Monday predicted that Egypt's economy will grow by five per cent in the current fiscal year that ends in June 2022. The survey showed that Egypt's GDP was forecast to grow by 5.5 per cent in the 2022-23 fiscal year Egypt's challenge: The economy. Since the 2011 revolution the Egyptian economy has gone from bad to worse. Unemployment is up, so is the budget deficit, job creation is virtually non-existent and.

Egypt Economy, Politics and GDP Growth Summary - The

  1. Taxation is considered as the main source of governments' income and is a world-wide used economic mechanism to redistribute wealth in the society. Recently, the Egyptian parliament has approved a law for a Value-added Tax (VAT) standard rate of 13-14% in the next fiscal year as part of a reform program that is financed by the country's IMF.
  2. g the COVID Shock and Maintaining Growth. July 14, 2021. Egypt was one of the few emerging market countries that experienced a positive growth rate in 2020. As a result of the government's swift and prudent policy response, coupled with IMF support, the Egyptian economy showed resilience in the face of the pandemic
  3. It points to the expanding economy—a 5.6% rise in GDP last year gave Egypt the fastest growth in the Middle East. But the jump is mostly due to a boom in oil and gas. But the jump is mostly due.
  4. As part of the positive outlook for Egypt's economy, a report by Standard Chartered Bank ranked the Egyptian economy seventh on the list of the world top ten economies by 2030. The report, published by Bloomberg, predicted that the Egyptian economy, in terms of its expected size of about $8.2 trillion, would be ahead of
  5. A R survey expected that the Egyptian economy will grow by five percent in the fiscal year that ends at the end of June 2022, unchanged from analysts' expectations in a similar poll three months ago and slightly less than the government's target of 5.4 percent
  6. The Egyptian economy has suffered from a general slowdown since the revolution of January 2011. Political uncertainty, macroeconomic instability and global economic turmoil since the 2008 crisis.
  7. description of ancient Egyptian Economy, from Holt Ancient Civilizations textboo

The main developments in the external position of the Egyptian economy during the first quarter of FY 2005/06, compared with the corresponding period in FY 2004/05 are summarized as follows: Egypt's BOP achieved an overall surplus of US$ 1811.9 million during July/Sept., 2005/06, against an overall deficit of US$ 103.1 million. The capita The Egyptian Economy, 1952 72 (Economies Of The World) Robert Mabro my essay, and for some reason get refused? Yes, for students and postgraduates scientific work for publication in English today is mandatory, but not every American or British can help The Egyptian Economy, 1952 72 (Economies Of The World) Robert Mabro in this situation The Egyptian Economy in the Twenty-first Century addresses the question of why Egypt, despite possessing a plethora of assets—such as a fertile agriculture, a strategic geographic location, oil and gas deposits, innumerable tourist sites, a labor force prized by regional countries, and a diaspora that remits large amounts of funds—has. The Evolution of Egypt's Modern Military Economy The Egyptian Armed Forces' contemporary influence must be situated within the broader context of mid-twentieth-century Pan-Arab nationalism and the prevailing development model, which identified the military as a key protago-nist in indigenous industrialization and economic modernization

Ancient Egyptian Economy - Ancient Egyptian Commerce

What fuel, bread and water reveal about how Egypt is mismanaged. Feb 10, 2018 This is a common belief in Egypt, and one reason why the economy is so hard to fix The Egyptian Economic Vision 2030 aims to make the economy by 2030 a creative and innovative society for science, technology and knowledge. It is characterized by an integrated system that ensures the developmental value of innovation, knowledge and innovation outcomes with national goals and challenges

Egyptian economy struggles against population ‘catastrophe

Egypt Overview - World Ban

The World Travel & Tourism Council (WTTC) revealed that Egypt's status on the UK's travel 'red list' is posing a serious threat to the country's travel and tourism sector. The WTTC research highlighted that the economy could face daily losses of more than EGP 31 million if it continues to be on the 'red list' Gamea explained in a statement, Thursday, that the industrial sector is the locomotive of economic growth in Egypt and contributed about 17.1 percent to the GDP in 2019/2020, compared to about 16.4 percent in the previous year, and thus became the largest contributor to Egyptian economic growth, compared to other economic sectors The government dedicated 100 billion Egyptian pounds (EUR 5.8 billion), roughly 1.8% of GDP, as a stimulus package. Half of this package will be allocated to the tourism sector alone, since it is the most affected sector, and is a significant one for employment and income in the Egyptian economy The Egyptian Economy: A Modeling Approach|Mahmoud A thank the whole Firstly i would like to The Egyptian Economy: A Modeling Approach|Mahmoud A thank the whole team of myassignmenthelp who take care of all my assignments and delivered timely. I found here what I want exactly, I scored very The Egyptian Economy: A Modeling Approach|Mahmoud A good marks in my assignments only due to your.

Video: Egypt's Economy Isn't Booming

The Egyptian Center for Economic and Social Rights Demands to Refrain from using Strychnine in Killing Stray Animals English A suit filed to enable Ziad al-Eleimy to communicate with his lawyers and family by any communication means. Economic Policies This paper analyzes data from the Egypt Labor Market Panel Survey of 2006 (ELMPS 06) and its predecessor surveys from 1988 and 1998 to reveal that the employment outlook in Egypt has broadly improved since 1998. Despite continued rapid growth of the working age population since 1998, overall participation rates have increased, unemployment rates have decreased, and employment growth Continue

The Egypt Economic Development Conference (EEDC) was a three-day event that took place in the Egyptian Red Sea resort of Sharm El Sheikh.On March 13, 2015, over 2,000 delegates from 112 different countries arrived in Egypt to attend the conference. On the first day, a proposal for a new Egyptian capital city was announced. Kuwait, Saudi Arabia and United Arab Emirates pledged $4 billion each. A.R.E - Social Accounting Matrix For the Egyptian Economy 2010/2011. Reference ID. EGY-CAPMAS-SAM-2010-2011. Year. 2010 - 2011. Country. A.R.E. Producer (s) CAPMAS - Ministry of Planning

A new capital in the Egyptian desert: Sisi's military model for the economy The army's increased involvement is crowding out the private sector and scaring away foreign investors, say critics. Cairo, Egypt: Carrefour, operated in Egypt by Majid Al Futtaim, has underlined its commitment to the Egyptian customers and communities it serves by investing EGP 200 million in the Egyptian economy over the course of 2020. This investment is part of the brand's ambitious plan to expand across the country Bilateral Economic Relations. Total two-way trade in goods between the United States and Egypt was $8.6 billion in 2019. U.S. exports to Egypt include wheat and corn, mineral fuel and oil, machinery, aircraft, and iron and steel products. U.S. imports from Egypt include apparel, natural gas and oil, fertilizers, textiles, and agricultural products The Egyptian economy has undergone a series of fiscal and monetary reforms over the past four years. These reforms to eliminate subsidies, redesign the tax system, and liberalize the exchange rates were implemented at a significant social cost, but resulted in substantial improvements in macroeconomic indicators transition have exacted a huge toll on economic performance. In the first quarter of 2011, the months encompassing the overthrow of Mubarak, the GDP was 4.2% smaller than the same period a year earlier. Tourism, a particularly important sector to the Egyptian economy both because it is a key source of foreig

Egypt Economic Indicators. Download data. Main indicators Measure Frequency Latest value Reference Time coverage Economic growth, percent change in quarterly real GDP percent 2.90 Q1/2021 quarterly Q3/2002 - Q1/2021. The Egyptian economy was mainly orientated towards a free market, being founded on the activities in the private enterprises until the revolution of 23 July 1952. As a result, the private sector produced 97% of the GDP and offered 95% of the work places in the civil domain..

Egypt: The Economy Is Gathering Strength. The IMF on September 26 published the staff report for the first review of Egypt's economic reform program, which aims at restoring the economic stability of Egypt and paving the way for higher long-term growth. The program is off to a good start, with the government carrying out bold but necessary. The economy was well-developed and supported by special bureaucracy in the kingdom of the pharaohs. The legal system was headed by the pharaoh and supported by compliant nobles and officials. The ruler created every law. Some of the ancient Egyptian innovations changed the economic world forever

Egypt's economy will grow 5.0% in the fiscal year that ends in June next year, a R survey predicted on Monday, unchanged from analysts' expectations in a similar poll three months ago and. View The Report: Egypt 2020 Economic Snapshot. Prior to the outbreak of Covid-19 in early 2020, Egypt had one of the best-performing economies in the MENA region and, despite the disruptive effects of the pandemic, this trend looks set to continue. Egypt's resilient economy can in part be attributed to a series of government-implemented. Abstract: Egypt, the largest state in the Middle East and North Africa region, has long been distinct since the 1970s for its large informal economy, defined in this paper as the economic activities, services, and its related jobs and enterprises that are not regulated or protected by the state. Likewise, it has experienced forms of social unrest, including several instances of large-scale. The External Position of the Egyptian Economy Report is one of a series released by the Central Bank of Egypt (CBE) on a quarterly basis to shed light on the performance of Egypt's external sector during the reporting period. It reviews the BOP performance, external debt, external liquidity and exchange rate developments during the said period

Phases in Egyptian Civilization: Badarian Culture and

Egyptian Economy: Problems and Solutions-SI

Egypt's economy at a glance 24 December 2019 By MEED Editorial. Public stimulus in Egypt is a social contract. Cairo has successfully spurred economic growth with infrastructure spending, but the proof of its policy will be in the value it delivers. Regardless of your politics, Egypt's project market, with $96bn-worth of projects under. Egypt's economy could stage a China-like rebound, analysts say. Egypt's non-oil economy stabilises in June on new orders and export growth. Egypt's tourism sector celebrates Russians' return after 6 years. Egypt was one of the few emerging market countries that experienced a positive growth rate in 2020, according to the IMF. It expects real. USAID focuses on both restoring sites as well as boosting the tourism sector's role as an engine of economic growth and employment. The sector creates millions of jobs, injects billions of dollars in hard currency into Egypt's economy, and reduces Egypt's dependency on foreign debt - fueling Egypt's Journey to Self-Reliance While the 2011 Egyptian revolution has already become the subject of much debate, the roots of the socio-economic context which made the revolution possible have seldom been explored. Roberto Roccu addresses this gap and in doing this provides the first detailed study of the deeper causes of th As a rough measure of international confidence in the Egyptian economy, World Bank indicators show foreign direct investment (FDI) inflows amounted to $4.8bn in 2014, slightly up from $4.2bn in.

The Vaccine & The Egyptian Economy. The global economy has experienced a devastating blow as a result of the unprecedented Corona Virus pandemic. This impact can be seen in emerging economies as well in countries that traditionally have been considered economically stable. As is the case in all countries, the Egyptian economy was affected by. Egyptian economy - Chief financial officers and heads of treasury sectors at banks (dealers) are facing the economic crisis more than anyone else. Thanks to the nature o How Egypt's economy can continue to thrive during a global pandemic. The coronavirus pandemic has shaken Egypt's economy. COVID-19 has reshaped the social and economic progress that Egypt has experienced. Private investors in infrastructure can help expand transportation, upgrade power grids, and improve water sanitation and supply

Impact of COVID-19 on The Egyptian Econom

Agriculture is a significant contributor to Egypt's economy. However, in recent years Egypt has faced serious challenges producing food for a growing population in a sustainable manner. How can the Egyptian economy be greened with agriculture? In an effort to address this question, this essay provides an in-depth analysis of recently enacted laws — including the Egyptian Constitution. This book is the first economic history of ancient Egypt covering the entire pharaonic period, 3000-30 BCE, and employing a New Institutional Economics approach. It argues that the ancient Egyptian state encouraged an increasingly widespread and sophisticated use of writing through time, primarily in order to better document and more efficiently exact taxes for redistribution Absent a clearly articulated and strategic economic development plan, it is unclear whether the sectors in which China has invested are those that will advance Egypt's long-term strategic economic interests. Additionally, the overall benefit of Chinese investments on the Egyptian socio-economy and for private sector growth are unclear Our discussion of the 2011 Egyptian uprising and the Muslim Brotherhood's role replacement of the authoritarian Mubarak regime will begin with a brief history of the political economy under the two regimes that preceded Mubarak after the 1952 overthrow of British Colonial rule: those of Gamal Abdel Nasser and Anwar al-Sadat. Both of these ruler

The Egyptian economy: A success story - Opinion - Ahram Onlin

  1. Tough economic times are likely to be Egypt's reality for a while, despite the announcement that Egypt and the International Monetary Fund have agreed to a much-needed $12 billion loan
  2. Fruit sellers at a street market in al-Duqqi district, Cairo, Egypt, 19 May 2015. Photo APAImages/REX Shutterstock. Since the 2011 revolution that toppled Egypt's long-time autocrat Hosni Mubarak, Egypt's economy has been in decline. A series of leaders after the uprising have failed to improve the economy, resulting in increased hardship for citizens, especially the poor majority
  3. General Sisi's Greatest Enemy: The Egyptian Economy. As president, Abdel Fattah al-Sisi could be toppled by the same forces that unseated his predecessors. Fake 200-pound notes with pictures of.
  4. The population in Egypt was the highest in 2010 (84.11 millions) among all those countries which were exposed to the Arab Spring revolution to a greater or lesser extent. In addition, the size of the Egyptian economy, in terms of GDP, was the largest out of such a set of countries in that year (829.1 billion PPP constant 2011 international.
  5. Egypt's robust economy will still experience considerable growth despite recent events, with GDP expanding by 4.2 percent, revised downward from 6 percent. The direct cost of the recent uprising, along with a sizable decline in the Egyptian economy will likely not have much of an effect on the world economy
  6. How The Egyptian Revolution Impacts World Economy. Posted on February 1, 2011 by Egypt Crisis. Six days of riots have suppressed almost 5% of GDP in Egypt, but without tourism the country, the Persian Gulf countries stock markets are falling and oil prices rose by 4% worldwide - reaching the maximum level of the last 28 months

The Egyptian economy: All eyes on industrialisation

The Egyptian Economy: In the Clutches of the Deep State

Egypt's economy exceeds expectations during COVID-19: Maait. The performance was outlined in detail in the Financial Monitor and Outlook for the World Economy Report for October 2020, issued last Thursday. The report reflected the positive results of Egypt's successful experience in economic reform, which remains highly praised by. The Egyptian Center for Economic Studies (ECES) is an independent, non-profit think tank that conducts specialized economic research, drawing on international experience and constructive discussions among various stakeholders. ECES's main objective is to propose sound economic policies, and institutional and legislative reforms that contribute to sustainable development in Egypt, all on the. 1.1.1 In response to the decline in the Egyptian economy during 1986-90 period, coupled with massive fiscal and current account deficits, high inflation rates, negative interest rates, accumulated external debt and high open unemployment, the Government of Egypt (GOE) initiated th

Egypt Tourism - Khattaly Consulting

Egypt Economy 2020, CIA World Factboo

We address this question for waged men using the Egyptian Labor Market Surveys for 1998, 2006 and 2012. Wage changes between 1998 and 2012 mainly resulted in increased inequality. The richer percentiles have persistently enjoyed disproportionately larger positive changes in real hourly wages, especially between 2006 and 2012 Economic impact of Covid-19 on Egypt's tourism and remittances. As Covid-19 reaches everywhere, low- and middle-income countries are racing to respond to this massive and fast-moving challenge. This column, originally published by the International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI), assesses the pandemic's economic impacts for Egypt Drawing on Khalid Ikram's extensive knowledge of economic policymaking at the highest levels, The Political Economy of Reforms in Egypt lays out the enduring features of the Egyptian economy and its performance since 1952 before presenting an account of policy-making, growth and structural change under the country's successive presidents to. Egypt is the only country in the Middle East and North Africa region whose economy grew last year amid the Covid-19 pandemic-induced slowdown, according to the World Bank. Its economy is expected to expand by 2.8 per cent in the fiscal year ending June 30, 2021, and accelerate 5.2 per cent during the 2021-22 financial year, according to IMF.

تحميل كتاب Structure and Dimensions of the Egyptian Labor Force: A Demographic and Economic Perspective pdf الكاتب د. خالد السيد حسنThe book is interested in studying the changes that occurred in the structure of the Egyptian workforce during the period (1976-1996) according to the main social and economic characteristics (employment status, educational level. The Government of Egypt envisions improved government efficiency and transparency through automation, staff training, and the development of systems. USAID's Economic Courts activity will support Egyptian reforms to improve the efficiency and timeliness of case resolution while raising the quality of services in the Economic Courts to be. Thu 16 May 2013 09.07 EDT. 363. 363. Egypt is suffering its worst economic crisis since the Great Depression, a former finance minister of the country and one of its leading economists have warned.

Egypt's economy exceeds expectation despite pandemic

The Egyptian economy had steady 7 percent GDP growth between 2005 and 2008 — before the global economic crisis, which slowed the rate temporarily to 5 percent. Its economy is growing again. The Oil and Gas Sector's Transformation Fueling the Egyptian Economy Live Broadcast from the American Chamber of Commerce in Egypt. 28: June Monday: 1:15 pm 2:30 pm (Cairo Time/GMT+2) H.E. Tarek El Molla, Minister of Petroleum and Mineral Resources View Bio. Navigate: AmCham Egypt. Training & Recruitment. Events & Advocacy

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